Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (2024)

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (1)

Written by Paul J

Last Updated On September 18, 2023

If you’ve been looking to develop your legs but only have access to a leg press machine, you’ve probably wondered how you can hit every part of your legs using one machine.

Luckily, a simple change to your leg press foot placement gives your legs all the stimulus they need to grow.

In this article,I'm providing the pros and cons of each leg press foot placement and which one is the most beneficial for you.

  • 7 Common Stances For Leg Press Foot Placement
    • 1. Regular Stance
    • 2. Feet High On Platform
    • 3. Feet Low On Platform
    • 4. Narrow Stance
    • 5. Wide Stance
    • 6. Calf Raises
    • 7. Single-Leg Press
  • 4 Reasons Why You Need To Use Different Leg Press Foot Placements
  • Does Leg Press work hamstrings?
  • Common Leg Press Foot Placement Questions
  • Conclusion

7 Common Stances For Leg Press Foot Placement

Each of the leg press foot placements belowisideal for developing every area of your legs without leaving a muscle group behind. Whether it’s your glutes, hamstrings, quads, or adductors, the leg press has you covered.

If you're in the market for a new machine,review our guide on thebest leg press machinestotry these stances out for yourself.

See the sections below to find out the best foot placement for leg press.

1. Regular Stance

Target: Quadriceps, gluteus, hamstrings

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (2)

The regular stance foot placement for leg press involves placing your feet on the middle of the platform roughly hip-width apart.

Doing so allows you to achieve the best overall development for your legs; it works your quads, hamstrings, glutes, and calves [1].

But, even though this leg press foot placement works all areas of your legs, it primarily works your quadriceps (the large muscles located on the front of your upper legs). I’ve found my clients develop excellent quadsperforming12-15 reps on the leg press using regular stance.

This stance is most likely the one you’re using each time you use the leg press. It’s most common among gym-goers and isn’t overly complicated to perform. However,depending on your body’s proportions and mobility, you might find this foot position awkward.

In2001 a studyfound using the regular stance foot placement during leg press doesn't recruit as many muscle fibers in your hamstrings and glutes as you'd hoped. If you’re looking to develop your glutes using the leg press, you might want to look at the high foot placement leg press.

Further Reading -Leg Press Vs Leg Extension For Building Quads

benefits:

  • Targets all major lower body muscle groups, giving you the best overall strengthening exercise. Think of it as the best all-rounder.
  • Recovery is quicker than squats and deadlifts which tax the nervous system more.
  • Ideal for high volume, high-rep hypertrophy training.

How to do it:

  1. Sit inside the leg press and place your feet on the footplate.
  2. Adjust your feet so they are placed hip-width apart in the middle of the footplate.
  3. Angle your toes outward (roughly placed at 11 and 1 on a clock face).
  4. Perform your reps going as deep as possible without rounding your lower back and keeping your feet flat to the footplate.

Tips From A Trainer!

If you’re looking at improving your strength and maximizing your muscle development, ensure you’re working your muscles through a full range of motion. Focus ontherange of motion over the amount you’re lifting.

2. Feet High On Platform

Target: Gluteus, hamstrings

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (3)

When you use a high foot placement on leg press,you increase the muscle activation of the glutes and hamstrings. This is due to youachieving adeeper position at the bottom of the movement, stretching the hamstrings and glutes more than any other leg press foot position.

You can use the leg press high foot placement as asubstitute for deadliftsand hamstring curls, which is perfect if you’ve got access to limited gym equipment.

Most gym-goers will find they can lift the most weight using the high foot position,primarily due to the increased activation of the glutes, which are a powerful muscle group.

The only downside to the leg press high foot placement is that the increased hip extension increases your lower back's work. If you have a sensitive lower back, be cautious with this variation and perhaps choose another to use.

After you blast your glutes and hamstrings with this leg press stance, try some of thebest dumbbell glute exercisesfrom our workout guide.

benefits:

  • Works your glutes and hamstrings through an extensive range of motion.
  • Requires more hip extension,whichprovides your muscle fibers with greater stimulation leading to increased muscle-building potential in your hamstrings and glutes.

How to do it:

  1. Step into the leg press and sit down.
  2. Place your feet high on the footplate so your toes are near the upper edge.
  3. Your feet should be hip-width apart, with your toes pointing slightly outwards.
  4. Perform your reps, ensuring your feet at flat to the footplate and that your lower back doesn’t lift from the seat.

Tips From A Trainer!

To keep the emphasis on your hamstrings and glutes,try to "push through the heels of your feet." Doing so helps cue your brain to engage the areas you want to work.It’s also worth remembering your knees shouldn’t travel too far forward during the high foot placement leg press.

3. Feet Low On Platform

Target: Quadriceps, calves

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (4)

Developing impressive quads is hard work and requires overloading them with large amounts of weight while moving through a wide range of motion. Adjusting your leg press foot placement to a low stance helps you hit your quads harder than the regular stance.

During the low leg press foot placement for quads, your knees need to travel beyond your toes, which places the quads in a far deeper stretch, increasing the muscle fiber activation during each rep.

However, there is onemajor drawback to this leg press foot placement; if you have ankle and hip mobility issues,you won't be able to get your legs deep enough to recruit your quads muscle fibers effectively.

But, if you don’t have these issues, you’ll love this leg press foot placement for teardrop quad development.

benefits:

  • Big emphasis on the quads due to increased knee flexion, ideal for muscle growth.
  • Good for those who want to grow their quads specifically but can't do squats due to limitation or injury.

How to do it:

  1. Sit on the leg press machine and place your feet low on the bottom of the footplate so your heels are close to the bottom edge.
  2. Move your feet shoulder-width apart with your toes slightly flared out.
  3. Perform your reps, making sure your heels remain flat throughout the movement. If you find your heels are raising, decrease your range of motion (but remember, this also reduces quadriceps activation).

Tips From A Trainer!

To fully engage your quads, your knees need to travel over your toes during the leg press movement. If you’re struggling with ankle mobility, try elevating your heels using an elevation pad (some gyms have them) or buy squat shoes. Another option would be to work on ankle mobility drills to increase flexibility.

4. Narrow Stance

Target: Quadriceps

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (5)

If you’re looking for the best leg press foot placement for quads, then narrowfoot placement is the best option for you.

By placing your feet in anarrow position,the leg press movement will target your quads virtually in isolation. This leg press foot placement for quads is perfectfor developing thevastus medialis, also known as the teardrop-shaped muscle in the quads [2].

Throughout this movement, you’ll need to go as deep aspossible(with good form) to get the most out of your quad development. It’s keythat your heels don't elevate during the exercise, as this will hinder your muscle recruitment and overall results.

During the narrow foot placement, your knees will most likely make contact with your stomach at the bottom of each rep. This reduced range of motion helps you lift more weight.

As with the low leg press foot placement, the narrow foot placement is difficult to perform if you have poor ankle and hip mobility.

While you’re performing this exercise, if you find your heels are rising at the bottom portion of the leg press movement or your knees are caving inwards, you should consider another variation.However, you can overcome mobility issues by working on mobilizing tight joints and trying to increase your flexibility.

benefits:

  • Very effective in specifically targeting the quads.
  • Ideal exercise for those who have trouble engaging and feeling their quads working.
  • Improves other exercises such as squats and lunges.

How to do it:

  1. Sit inside the leg press machine, placing your feet in the middle of the platform.
  2. Move your feet to a hip-width, toes out position.
  3. Start your set and ensure you have excellent form during each rep.

Tips From A Trainer!

Try adding more weight to the leg press;the reduced range of motion allows you to lift heavier than you would with any other leg press foot placement.

5. Wide Stance

Target: Gluteus, hamstrings, adductors

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (6)

If recruiting more hamstrings and glutes sounds good, you’ll love the wide leg press foot placement. During this movement, your legs are placed beyond shoulder width (usually around 1.5x shoulder width), which increases the amount of work your glutes and hamstrings need to perform rather significantly.

It’s also worth noting that the widened foot position places your hips in hip abduction, which engages your abductor muscles. This removes some quad activation, but not a significant amount.

One problem with the leg press wide foot placement is it requires a lot of inner thigh muscle (adductors) flexibility. If you don’t have the flexibility, you’ll find your legs will cave inward, which increases the risk of injury.

benefits:

  • Increases range of motion and highly activates glutes and hamstrings.
  • Helps reduce strength imbalances in the legs (e.g. stronger in the quads than the back of the legs).
  • Improves overall explosiveness of the lower body.

How to do it:

  1. Place yourself on the leg press machine.
  2. Put your feet on the footplate 1.5x shoulder-width apart with your toes angled outwards (45-degrees).
  3. Perform your set, taking each rep as deep as you can.
  4. Get your legs as close to the floor as you can; this gives you the most bang for your buck during the movement.

Tips From A Trainer!

The quality of your reps is super-important on this variation. Keep your knees wide, pushing them outwards at all times. Don’t allow them to cave inwards at any point.

6. Calf Raises

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (7)

While traditionally, this isn’t classed as a leg press movement, it is technically still using the machine, so I thought I’d include it on the list.

You can easily perform calf raises by placing your toes at the bottom of the footplate and simulating regular calf raises on the leg press machine.

During this movement, you have an increased range of motion, allowing you to work your calves effectively.

benefits:

  • Building stronger calves improves overall leg strength and stability.
  • Improves athletic performance in areas such as sprinting and jumping.
  • Helps improve ankle mobility and flexibility.

How to do it:

  1. Sit on the leg press and place your feet onto the footplate.
  2. Move your feet to the bottom of the footplate so your heels are off and the balls of your feet are on the edge, placed hip-width apart.
  3. Push the weight up, flexing your feet, and slowly lower the weight, stretching your calves allowing your toes to be pushed towards you.

Tips From A Trainer!

Try performing the movement using one leg at a time to iron out any muscular imbalances and to place the calves under additional stress.

7. Single-Leg Press

Target: Quadriceps, Gluteus, adductors

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (8)

Last but not least is the single-leg press foot position. It’s exactly what it sounds like; you use one leg at a time rather than two.

This unilateral movement is fantastic for correcting muscular imbalances that develop throughout your years of training. It’s also a brilliant way to increase the difficulty of an exercise without needing to add more weight.

By using one leg at a time, you can perform all the leg press foot placements on the list above. Still, I’d be careful with the wide position as the risk of injury increases significantly due to the awkward positioning.

benefits:

  • Addresses strength imbalances.
  • Improves symmetry in your legs.
  • Increases hip and knee strength which will help improve exercises such as leg press, squats and deadlifts.

How to do it:

  1. Sit on the leg press and place both feet on the footplate.
  2. Remove one leg and start your set.
  3. Swap legs and finish your set.

Tips From A Trainer!

Always make sure you push through through your heel and don't let you knee lock out completely when your leg is extended.

4 Reasons Why You Need To Use Different Leg Press Foot Placements

1. To Target Various Muscles

There are many reasons you should use a variation of leg press foot placements. One of the main reasons is to ensure you work every part of the leg muscles as possible during your leg press workout, reducing the chance of any muscular imbalances.

During the leg press, the quads are the primary muscles worked, and the others such as hamstrings, glutes, adductors, and calves are secondary movers throughout the exercise [3].

By adjusting the placement of your feet, you can manipulate the way the force acts on your leg muscles, allowing you to target specific areas. This helps you develop well-rounded legs with no underdeveloped muscles.

2. Safety

If you’re in a position where you can’t squat due to having an injury, the leg press is an excellent solution to your problem.Yet, while the leg press is considered safer than squatting, it does come with a few risks.

I always stress to my clients that safety is key when using the leg press, injury can be common with this machine. If you bring the weight too low, your hips will tuck under, causing your lower back to round, aggravating the back.

Another issue to be aware of is overextending the legs (locking the knees); this places an excessive load on the knees and results in injuries.

3. Convenience

Depending on your home gym set-up, it’s not always possible to train each part of the legs using various specialized machinery, which is where the leg press foot placement comes in.

Adjusting your foot placement allows you to train each region of your legs without needingmultiple machines.

4. Keeps Workouts Fun

Variety is the spice of life!

Sometimes it’s nice to add some variation to your training.For example, minortweaks such as a new leg placement on leg press can bring a touch of excitement back to your workouts.

Does Leg Press work hamstrings?

Yes, the leg press works hamstrings.

Many people may only think this machine will develop the quads, but as you can see this machine works all the major muscle groups in the lower body.

To specifically target your hamstrings more, you want to ensure you place your feet high up on the foot pad. This will place more work into the hamstrings and take less stress off the quads. If you think your hamstrings are lacking in strength, this foot variation is perfect for you.

Common Leg Press Foot Placement Questions

Should you fully extend on leg press?

During the leg press movement, you want to work the muscles through a wide range of motion; fully extending the legs is a great way to achieve this.

However, what you must never do is fully lock your legs during the leg press. Thisplaces enormous stress on your knee joints and can also cause your legs to buckle the wrong way,leaving you in a world of pain and years of rehab work.

Are leg presses better than squats?

If you’re looking to develop muscle mass and want an exercise that’ll give you the most bang for your buck, the squat is the better of the two exercises. But, it doesn’t mean the leg press can’t yield excellent results for you.

The leg press has some advantages,such as it doesn’t load the spine, has a quicker recovery time, and allows you to lift more weight.Give leg press a try;your body might react well to a change in stimulus.

Does leg press help lose weight?

Using the leg press uses some ofyour body’s largest muscles,including the glutes (which are the largest). The bigger the muscle is, the more calories it burns throughout the workout, and more calories burnt = more weight loss potential.

While performing leg press won’t solely help you lose weight, it will help you alongside a calorie-controlled diet and a solid workout plan.Always remember, weight loss comes down to calories in vs calories out.

How many reps should I do for leg press?

It depends on your workout goals, the weight you’re lifting, and your current fitness levels.If you're looking to build muscle, the key is to stimulate the muscle fibers into growing; this is achieved by progressive overload.

Personally, I recommend selecting a weight you can performfoursets of 10-12 reps, then increasing the weight progressively over time.But, in general,most gym-goers will perform between 8-12 reps on the leg press machine.

Conclusion

Building an impressive set of legs requires hard work, heavy weights, and effective exercises.The leg press is a brilliant movement you can perform to develop your entire lower body if you know how to adjust your position to change the emphasis from one muscle to another.

Why not change your leg press foot placement to one of the ones mentioned on the list above and see how it helpsincrease yourlower body’s muscle development.

References:

1.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18545207/

2.https://www.physio-pedia.com/Vastus_Medialis

3.https://www.physio-pedia.com/Hip_Adductors

Insights, advice, suggestions, feedback and comments from experts

Based on the search results, here is the information related to the concepts used in the article:

Leg Press Foot Placements

The article discusses seven common stances for leg press foot placement: regular stance, feet high on platform, feet low on platform, narrow stance, wide stance, calf raises, and single-leg press. Each foot placement targets different muscle groups and provides various benefits [[1]].

Regular Stance

The regular stance foot placement for leg press involves placing your feet on the middle of the platform roughly hip-width apart. This stance works your quads, hamstrings, glutes, and calves. It is the most common foot placement and provides overall development for your legs [[1]].

Feet High On Platform

Using a high foot placement on the leg press increases the muscle activation of the glutes and hamstrings. This foot placement allows for a deeper position at the bottom of the movement, stretching the hamstrings and glutes more than any other foot position. It can be used as a substitute for deadlifts and hamstring curls [[1]].

Feet Low On Platform

Placing your feet in a low stance on the leg press targets the quads more than the regular stance. This foot placement requires your knees to travel beyond your toes, placing the quads in a deeper stretch and increasing muscle fiber activation. However, it may not be suitable for individuals with ankle and hip mobility issues [[1]].

Narrow Stance

A narrow foot placement on the leg press targets the quads virtually in isolation. This foot placement is ideal for developing the vastus medialis, also known as the teardrop-shaped muscle in the quads. It is important to maintain good form and avoid elevating the heels during the exercise [[1]].

Wide Stance

Using a wide foot placement on the leg press increases the work performed by the glutes, hamstrings, and adductors. This foot placement engages the abductor muscles and reduces quad activation. However, it requires good flexibility in the inner thigh muscles (adductors) and may increase the risk of injury if proper form is not maintained [[1]].

Calf Raises

Although not traditionally considered a leg press movement, calf raises can be performed on the leg press machine by placing the toes at the bottom of the footplate. This exercise effectively targets the calves and improves leg strength, stability, and ankle mobility [[1]].

Single-Leg Press

The single-leg press foot position involves using one leg at a time instead of both. This unilateral movement helps correct muscular imbalances and increases the difficulty of the exercise without adding more weight. It can be performed with various foot placements, but caution should be exercised to avoid injury, especially with the wide position [[1]].

Reasons to Use Different Leg Press Foot Placements

The article provides four reasons why it is beneficial to use different leg press foot placements:

  1. To target various muscles and reduce the chance of muscular imbalances.
  2. For safety, especially for individuals who cannot squat due to injury.
  3. For convenience, as it allows for training different regions of the legs without needing multiple machines.
  4. To add variety and make workouts more enjoyable [[1]].

Leg Press and Hamstrings

Yes, the leg press works the hamstrings along with other major muscle groups in the lower body. Placing the feet high on the foot pad during leg press can specifically target the hamstrings and reduce stress on the quads [[1]].

Leg Press Foot Placement Questions

The article addresses common questions related to leg press foot placement:

  • Should you fully extend on leg press? It is recommended to work the muscles through a wide range of motion during the leg press, but fully locking the legs should be avoided to prevent stress on the knee joints and potential injuries [[1]].
  • Are leg presses better than squats? Squats are generally considered better for overall muscle development, but leg presses can still yield excellent results. Leg press has advantages such as reduced spinal loading, quicker recovery time, and the ability to lift more weight [[1]].
  • Does leg press help lose weight? Leg press, along with a calorie-controlled diet and a solid workout plan, can contribute to weight loss. The exercise engages large muscles, such as the glutes, which burn calories during the workout [[1]].
  • How many reps should I do for leg press? The number of reps depends on individual goals, weight lifted, and fitness levels. A common range is 8-12 reps, focusing on progressive overload to stimulate muscle growth [[1]].

Please note that the information provided is based on the search results and the article mentioned in the user's question.

Leg Press Foot Placement (7 Stances & Muscles Worked) (2024)

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